The eyelid protects the internal structures of the eye and is prone to bumps and growths. A bump on dog eyelid can be a mere infection that clears up with time or it could be something as serious as a malignant tumor. We explore the causes, symptoms and treatment options for various types of bumps occurring on the eyelid.
Bump on Dog Eyelid
A bump on dog eyelid may appear as a lump, growth or swelling on its surface or along it’s edges. The bumps stem out from a number of causes. These may be bacterial, viral or fungal infections in which case the bumps clear up once the infection clears. Others may result from tumors that may require surgeries to eliminate. Below are various causes and how to identify them as well as home care and when to see a veterinarian.
Stye on Dog’s Eyelid
Also referred to as hordeolum, styes are as a result of bacterial infections and inflammation around the eyelid. These can appear as a single abscess or multiple ones which are accompanied by swelling along the margins of the eyelids.
A bump on dog eyelid could also be caused by a chalazion. This is almost similar to a stye. When a dog has it, the Meibomian glands in the eye will at times get impacted and blocked. This results in swelling and even rupturing causing a release of oily secretions.
This kind of bump can be treated at home by applying a wash cloth that has been soaked in warm water on the affected eyelid. Allow this to rest for about five minutes and repeat procedure three times. The warmth encourages drainage and thus reduces impaction.
This is inflammation of the eyelid which is as a result of an allergic reaction. It happens when the eyelid gets exposed to allergens resulting in a rapid onset of symptoms that may include redness of the eyes and swollen bumps on the eyelid. Formation of bumps on dog eyelid may also be as a result of general reaction to allergens in the body. This could be caused by food reactions, reaction to drugs as well as insect bites and stings. The treatment should include administration of antihistamines.
Bacterial, Fungal and Parasitic Blepharitis
This is inflammation of the eyelids resulting from bacterial or fungal infections and parasitic microorganisms. When the Meibomian glands get infected by bacteria, there may be abscesses on the eye lid margin. In case the condition affects puppies, it could become severe and result in serious eyelid and facial swelling.
Fungal blepharitis on the other hand could see formation of a ringworm bump on dog eyelid. This, too, could cause inflammation in addition to the crusty lesions and hairless circular rings characteristic of ringworm infestation.
Parasitic blepharitis on the other hand occurs when sarcoptic or demodectic mange infest the eyelids. The mites result in formation of crusty lesions on the eyelids. When this occurs in puppies, it is usually isolated to the eyelids and face.
Getting rid of a bump on dog eyelid resulting from any the types of inflammation requires elimination of the cause.
Sebaceous Cyst on Dog Eyelid
This is another kind of bump on dog eyelid. Sebaceous cysts develop beneath the skin and have a semi-solid or fluid filled sac appearance. The cysts may be as a result of blocked follicle opening, inadequate secretion of sebum, trauma, allergic reaction and swollen hair follicles as well as follicular inactivity. In most cases, these cysts are harmless and can be left alone. However, in case it becomes infected or starts to develop into a large bump suddenly, you will be required to see a veterinarian. Infection mostly occurs after the cyst has ruptured leading to inflammation and itchiness.
Also referred to as pink eye in dogs, conjunctivitis is a common cause of swelling on the eyelids. It results from inflammation of the conjunctiva. It can be viral or bacterial. The conjunctiva is meant to be the first line of defense for the eye. The condition manifests as the eyelid lining tries to absorb infection causing organisms and protect other eye structures. Viral conjunctivitis clears up on its own after a few days while bacterial conjunctivitis can be treated with antibacterial eye drops or ointments. In addition to the swelling, the eyes will appear red, give a pus-like discharge and itch.
The Cuterebra fly is known to lay eggs on the margins of the eyelid. Once these eggs have hatched, a larval worm starts to grow beneath the skin. With time, a mass may develop around it appearing like a bump on dog eyelid. There usually is a small hole on the surface of the bump through which the larva breathes.
Home Care for Bumps on Dog Eyelid
“ My dog has a bump on the upper eyelid, what should I do?” This is a question commonly asked by our readers. The first thing to do once you notice something unusual on your dog should be to seek immediate veterinary attention. This is more so if you cannot identify the cause or tell what it is. Once this has been done, the vet can advise on what cause of action to take.
For causes such as styes and conjunctivitis, the bumps are likely to go away with time once the root cause is eliminated. To ease your dog’s daily living, there are a few things you can do. These are listed below.
- Use a warm moist clean piece of cloth to wipe off any discharge around the eyes. Do not use the same piece of cloth more than once without cleaning it.
- To open up pores, drain the accumulated fluid and reduce swelling so the bumps can heal, apply warm compresses on the affected eyelid.
- Use medication in the form of eye ointments or eye drops for bumps caused by various infections.
- Where these do not help in your pet’s recovery, see your veterinarian for professional treatment. The bump on dog eyelid may require to be drained through being cut open.
Tumor or Growth on Dog Eyelid
In general, a number of growths can be seen as bumps on a dog’s eyelids. These could either be malignant or benign. Benign growths include squamous papillomas and benign melanocytomas. Other possible but not so common growths are fibroma and histiocytomas.
Malignant growths on dog eyelid include mastocytomas. These are mast cell tumors that may take the appearance of benign skin tags or lipomas. As such, it is important to have any bump, lump or mole checked by your veterinarian to ensure it is benign. Malignant melanomas, sebaceous carcinomas and basal cell carcinoma are other malignant tumors or growths that may occur on the dog’s eyelid. These require early detection for treatment to be effective. Talk to your vet about the same.
Growth on Dog Eyelid Bleeding
Tumors occurring around the eyes can interfere with the proper functioning of the eyelid. The dog may not to be in a position to blink properly and the tumor might rub on the cornea irritating it. In addition to this interference, growths may cause additional problems. Any eyelid growth on dog resulting from infections is likely to clear up once treated. However, tumors require surgical removal.
Any growth on dog eyelid that is bleeding, shows rapid growth, changes in color or exhibits any other change in characteristics should be checked immediately. A complete blood count, x-ray and biopsy may be required to aid in diagnosis. From the results, your veterinarian will be best placed to advice you on what steps to take. The tumor removal cost may vary from one clinic to another so you can check out various reviews and recommendations.
Any lump on dog eyelid should be examined by a veterinarian. This way they will determine whether treatment is necessary. Any bump that grows big to an extent of rubbing on the cornea should be checked too as it could cause a lot of pain to your dog.
- Vetinfo.com: Sebaceous Cysts
- dogster.com: What Causes Bumps on Dogs’ Eyelids?
- Animaleyecare.net: Canine Eyelid Diseases
- Vetinfo.com: Eyelid Tumors in Dogs