Dog Elbow Callus Bleeding and Infection Treatment

Dog elbow calluses are only a cosmetic concern and pose no health risk to your pooch. However, if they are left to a point where they crack and bleed, they could develop into a hygroma. This is usually a fluid filled non-painful pouch with a recurrence tendency. They also get easily infected and are better prevented. Below we discuss how to treat a dog elbow callus, how to prevent infection as well as preventive measures to keep the calluses away.

Dog Elbow Callus

Calluses are part of what are referred to as pressure sores. These are areas with bony pressure points that form thick skin growth on hairless areas. A dog elbow callus will see formation of wrinkled and thickened skin around specific points which is painless.

Calluses result from trauma and friction exerted on the subcutaneous surfaces. They therefore occur when the dog gets used to lying on hard surfaces over long periods. Dog elbow callus formation is most common in large and heavy breeds. Other factors contributing to the susceptibility include:

Older Dogs

Senior dogs that have medical problems are likely to develop calluses on their elbows. This is due to their inactivity. If not treated the calluses could further develop into pressure sores which are painful, easily infected and hard to treat. To protect them from this, ensure senior and sick dogs have a soft sleeping surface. Also encourage them to move to prevent bed sores.

Summer Time

When it is too hot, dogs seek places that are cool to nap on. Most of the times, this happens to be on the floor. Whether your house is cemented or has hard wood flooring, summer is the prime time for dog elbow callus formation. Insect your dog regularly to see if there are calluses on the elbow, stomach and hips.

Dog Elbow Callus Treatment

Once they appear, they should be attended immediately. Luckily, dog elbow callus treatment does not require a visit to the vet. Here are various home remedies that will help get rid of calluses within no time.

Petroleum Jelly

To help prevent calluses from getting out of hand, use petroleum jelly. It will soften the area and eliminate them with time. Simply apply generous amounts on the callused elbows and massage it in so it can reach inner areas as opposed to just the top. Apply twice every day and once they get better, apply once per day to maintain soft elbows.

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil has great lubricating properties. It will help the callused area soften up. Apply generous amounts on the area and massage it in. Massaging the oil helps to treat beyond the dog elbow callus surface and penetrate inside.

Vitamin E Oil

Dog owners swear by the effectiveness of this home remedy for dog elbow calluses. It is used in the same way as petroleum jelly and coconut oil and in addition to softening the calluses up, it will also help hasten the healing process.

Elbow Butter and cream

Dog elbow butter helps to soften up the calluses. When applied over time, it promotes healing and within no time your dog will be growing back the hair lost after growth of the callus. Callus creams can also suffice and are available over the counter.

Ensure your dog does not lick off these remedies as it could worsen the situation if ulcers develop from the licking. Also try and keep your dog away from the furniture since petroleum jelly, coconut and vitamin E oils are quite greasy.

Dog Elbow Callus Prevention

Calluses can be prevented if more attention is given to your canine’s resting behavior. To minimize the chances of dog elbow callus formation, try the following preventive measures.

Maintain Optimum Weight

Heavy dogs are predisposed to elbow calluses since the heavier a dog is the more the pressure exerted. In case your dog is overweight, you ought to make him lose weight. Keeping him lean decreases the pressure and thus reduces the chances of him getting calluses.

Inspect your Dog Regularly

Inspecting your dog helps to keep track on impending issues. Make it a routine so that you can recognize elbow calluses early enough. This will help to intervene immediately and thus help prevent them from developing into pressure sores and sores. Additionally, it will help monitor whether the callus is improving and if there is need to see a vet.

Offer a Soft Bed

Softening the area in which your dog rests can go a long way since it will keep him off the floor. Make his resting more appealing by providing a cozy soft bed. Whenever he uses it, offer praise to reinforce the behavior. Place toys on the bed when he is there too. I case the dog is using the floor because it is cool, settle for cooling beds to ensure he keeps off the floor.

Dog Elbow Callus Pads

Elbow pads are designed to cushion your dog from getting calluses. They can be used on any dogs and more so those that are hard to stay put in beds. In addition to protecting your dog, it will also prevent present calluses from getting worse.

Dog Elbow Callus Bleeding

In most cases, a callus that starts bleeding has most likely been left for too long without being treated. If not well taken care of it could become severe and painful for your dog. The most immediate thing you ought to do is apply pressure so the bleeding can stop. You could use a bandage for the same. Do this for about 15 minutes and see your vet after that for further treatment.

Dog Elbow Callus Infection

In case the calluses get infected, it is important to seek medical help. You can tell if a callus is infected by presence of fluids or formation of wounds. Where this is the case, do not hesitate to call your vet so they can be offered relevant medication to curb any associated pain and treat the infection.

When to See a Vet

While calluses can be easily treated at home, it is important to know when to see your vet. In case the dog elbow callus starts bleeding, ulcerated and open area, seek help immediately. Treatment will be necessary to eliminate as well as prevent infection. Also see a vet in case hygromas develop or in cases where you are not certain about the severity of the condition.


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